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Breed Standards

Chinese Crested Breed Standard

Effective June 1962

Prepared by the American Hairless Dog Club

There are two distinct types of this dog which are purebred and recognized by the American Hairless Dog Club. The Deer type: very slender, long slender legs, fine bone; somewhat similar to the Italian Greyhound. The Cobby type: Heavier body, medium length legs, medium-boned; somewhat similar to the Terrier.

General Appearance: A small, active and graceful dog; medium to fine-boned; rather harrow in the shoulders, body and quarter; smooth hairless body, with hair on feet, head and tail.

Head: Long skull, slightly rounded, slight stop; moderately long muzzle; cheeks lean.

Crest: Flat, high or long-flowing; sparse crest acceptable, full crest preferred.

Ears: Large upstanding ears, with or without ear fringe.

Eyes: Medium size, set wide apart.

Teeth: Level or scissor bite. Canine teeth or tusks extend towards front. Fewer teeth than most dogs. Premolars absent.

Neck: Long graceful neck, slightly arched, carried high. Sloping gracefully to shoulders.

Body: Should be medium to long. Rump slightly rounded. Chest deep and fairly broad. Belly moderately tucked up.

Tail: Up or carried high, usually over the back. Plume on lower-eighths of tail. Sparse plume acceptable. Full plume preferred. The hair in the plume may be either long or short.

Forelegs: In Deer type: long straight legs, small delicate bones. Cobby type: straight legs, medium length, slightly heavier bone.

Hind Legs: In Deer type: hocks well let down.

Feet: Hare foot, long with nails moderately long. Nails: color of toes or black or white. Sox should not come above first joint from floor.

Color: Any color, plain or spotted.

Skin: Smooth and soft. Warm to touch.

Weight: In size they vary considerably but should not be over fifteen pounds.

Disqualifications: Broken down or cropped ears; cropped tail; no visible crest; jaw much overshot or undershot.

Chinese Crested Breed Standard

Effective 1979

Chinese Crested Hairless

General Appearance: Slender, fine-boned, active and graceful. The body smooth and hairless except for the hair on head, lower legs, feet and plume on tail.

Head: Slightly rounded skull. Distance to slight stop equal to distance from stop to tip of nose. Cheeks taper cleanly into muzzle.

Ears: Large and erect placed so that the base of the ear is level with the outside corner of the eye.

Eyes: Dark, almond shaped and set wide apart.

Nose: Black or self-colored in livers and lighter in lighter colored dogs.

Teeth: Level or scissor bite, with pre-molars absent.

Neck and Body

Neck: Neck is lean and clean, slightly arched from the withers to the base of the skull, carried high.

Brisket: Extends to elbow – breastbone not overly prominent.

Chest: Deep, tapering to a moderate tuckup at the flanks. Length of the body slightly longer than height at withers.

Topline: Level.

Tail: Long straight and tapered – carried gaily or straight out when in motion. Two-thirds of the end of the tail is covered by a long, flowing plume.

Forequarters: Shoulders clean and narrow, angulated to allow good reach. Elbows well knit. Pasterns fine and strong. Legs long slender and straight.

Feet: Hare foot, narrow and long; small bones between joints elongated. Nails moderately long.

Hindquarters: Stifle moderately angulated, firm and long. Hocks straight – set wide apart. Declaws may be removed.

Feet: Same as forequarters.

Head Crest: Begins at the stop and tapers off between the base of the skull and back of neck. Texture is soft and silky, flowing to any length.

Socks on Feet: Ideally confined to toes, but should not extend above pastern or hock joint.

Color: Any color or combination of colors.

Gait: Smooth and flowing.

Size: Males not to exceed 13 inches at the withers; females not to exceed 12 inches at the withers.

Temperament: Gay and alert.

Chinese Crested Powderpuff

The Powderpuff is judged by the same standard as the Hairless except:

Coat: Undercoat of hair all over is very short; guard hairs are thick and longer, creating a veil-like effect.

Teeth: Level or scissor bite with full dentition.

A.K.C. Chinese Crested Breed Standard

Approved June 12, 1990

Effective April 1, 1991

General Appearance – A toy dog, fine-boned, elegant and graceful. The distinct varieties are born in the same litter. The hairless with hair only on the head, tail and feet and the Powderpuff, completely covered with hair. The breed serves as a loving companion, playful and entertaining.

I. Size, Proportions and Substance:

Size – Ideally 11 to 13 inches. However, dogs that are slightly larger or smaller may be given full consideration

Proportions – Proportion rectangular – proportioned to allow for freedom of movement. Body length from withers to base of tail is slightly longer than height at withers.

Substance – Fine-boned and slender but not so refined as to appear breakable or alternatively, not a robust, heavy structure.

II. Head:

Expression – Alert and intense.

Eyes – Almond shape, set wide apart. Dark Colored dogs have dark colored eyes, and lighter colored dogs may have a lighter colored eyes. Eye rims match the coloring of the dog.

Ears - Uncropped large and erect, placed so that the base of the ear is level with the outside corner of the eye.

Skull - The skull is arched gently over the occiput from ear to ear. Distance from occiput to stop equal distance from stop to tip of nose. The head is wedge-shaped viewed from above and the side.

Stop - Slight but distinct.

Muzzle - Cheeks taper cleanly into the muzzle.

Nose – Dark in dark colored dogs, may be lighter in lighter colored dogs. Pigment is solid.

Lips – Lips are clean and tight.

Bite – Scissor or level in both varieties. Missing teeth in the Powderpuff are to be faulted. The Hairless variety is not to be penalized for absence of full dentition.

III. Neck, Topline and Body:

Neck – Neck is lean and clean, slightly arched from withers to base of the skull and carried high.

Topline – Level to slightly sloping croup.

Body – Brisket extends to the elbow. Breastbone is not prominent. Ribs are well developed. The depth of the chest tapers to a moderate tuck-up at the flanks. Light in loin.

Tail – Tail is slender and tapers to a curve. It is long enough to reach the hock. When the dog is in motion, the tail is carried gaily and may be carried slightly forward over the back. At rest the tail is down with a slight curve up-ward at the end resembling a sickle. In the Hairless variety, two-thirds of the end of the tail is covered by long, flowing feathering referred to as a plume. The Powderpuff variety’s tail is completely covered with hair.

IV. Forequarters:

Angulation – Layback of shoulders is 45 degrees to point of shoulder allowing for good reach.

Shoulders – Clean and narrow.

Elbows – Close to body.

Legs – Long, slender and straight.

Pasterns – Upright, fine and strong. Dewclaws may be removed.

Feet – Hare foot, narrow and elongated toes. Nails are trimmed to moderate length.

V. Hindquarters:

Angulation – Stifle moderately angulated. From hock to ground perpendicular. Dewclaws may be removed.

Feet - Same as forequarters.

VI. Coat – The hairless variety has hair on certain portions of the body: The head (called a crest), the tail (called a plume) and the feet from the toes to the front pasterns and rear hock joints (called socks). The texture of all hair is soft and silky, flowing to any length. Placement of hair is not as important as overall type. Areas that have hair usually taper off slightly. Wherever the body is hairless, the skin is soft and smooth. Head crest begins at the stop and tapers off between the base of the skull and the back of the neck. Hair on the ears and face is permitted on the hairless and may be trimmed for neatness in both varieties. Tail plume is described under Tail. The Powderpuff variety is completely covered with a double soft and silky coat. Close examination reveals long thin guard hairs over short silky coat. The coat is straight, of moderate density and length. Excessively heavy, kinky or curly coat is to be penalized. Grooming is minimal – consisting of presenting a clean and neat appearance.

VII. Color – Any color or combination of colors.

VIII. Gait – Lively, agile and smooth without being stilted or hackneyed. Comes and goes at a trot moving in a straight line.

IX. Temperament – Gay and alert.

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